The frailty and error-proneness of human cognition and the decision to torture

Under many conditions (including difficult and stressful ones), people rely on heuristics (cognitive shortcuts that enable decisions) and are prone to effects of social processes such as groupthink. We have a guide from more than fifty years of data in experimental psychology and experimental brain research to understand how human rationality and reason is bounded… Read More

Resistance to Disconfirmation: Easily my favourite cognitive bias – some thoughts on why it persists

There are lots of cognitive biases – systematic deviations from logic and rationality present across a wide range of human information processing domains, including perception, judgement and reasoning. Resistance to disconfirmation is one of the most fascinating biases, where individuals and groups simply will not or can not believe that some belief they hold is simply, manifestly  and verifiably untrue. It… Read More