Chronic immobilization stress occludes in vivo cortical activation in an animal model of panic induced by carbon dioxide inhalation

It has been known since at least the 1920’s that inhaling high amounts of CO2 (20%) induces panic attacks in healthy individuals. There is a remarkable literature deriving from diving and respiratory physiology in submariners available treating this topic. The great father and son team [John Scott Haldane (the physiologist and polymath) and J. B. S. Haldane (the physiologist,… Read More