Impaired capacity for autonoetic reliving during autobiographical event recall in mild Alzheimer’s disease

Take-home message: Autonoesis or ‘Autonoetic consciousness is the human ability to mentally place ourselves in the past, in the future, or in counterfactual situations, and to analyze our own thoughts‘ (wiki). Here, we focus on impairments of autonoesis in Alzheimer’s disease (AD), using the Episodic Autobiographical Memory Interview (EAMI). We find impairments in AD patients with the following pattern: AD [Download the paper]… Read More

Oscillatory entrainment of thalamic neurons by theta rhythm in freely moving rats.

Take-home message: The thalamus plays a key role in  learning and memory. However, the neurons of the anteroventral nucleus have not been characterised in vivo. Here, we provide a framework for the classification of neuron type, based on their electrophysiological phenotype, and show that many of these cells are theta-modulated (a strong 7-12 Hz oscillation in the EEG, studied most frequently in… Read More

Theta-modulated head direction cells in the rat anterior thalamus.

Take-home message – two key findings: (1) there are head-direction cells in the anteroventral thalamus (head direction cells fire when the head is pointed in a particular orientation); (2) a large fraction of these cells are theta-modulated (a strong 7-12 Hz oscillation in the EEG, studied most frequently in the hippocampal formation). These data are interesting because they suggests that the anterior thalamus… Read More

The psychostimulant modafinil facilitates water maze performance and augments synaptic potentiation in dentate gyrus.

The psychostimulant modafinil facilitates water maze performance and augments synaptic potentiation in dentate gyrus. [download here] Neuropharmacology. 2010 Jul-Aug;59(1-2):9-19. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2010.03.010. Epub 2010 Mar 27. Tsanov M, Lyons DG, Barlow S, González Reyes RE, O’Mara SM. Source Trinity College Institute of Neuroscience, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland. Abstract Modafinil is a psychostimulant drug used widely for the treatment of… Read More

Rosiglitazone enhances learning, place cell activity, and synaptic plasticity in middle-aged rats.

Rosiglitazone enhances learning, place cell activity, and synaptic plasticity in middle-aged rats. Wang BW, Hok V, Della-Chiesa A, Callaghan C, Barlow S, Tsanov M, Bechara R, Irving E, Virley DJ, Upton N, O’Mara SM. [Download here] Neurobiol Aging. 2012 Apr;33(4):835.e13-30. doi: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2011.08.013. Epub 2011 Oct 4. Trinity College Institute of Neuroscience, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland. Abstract As an antidiabetic agent, rosiglitazone (ROSI) binds and activates peroxisome proliferator-activator… Read More

Hippocampal dynamics predict interindividual cognitive differences in rats.

Hippocampal dynamics predict interindividual cognitive differences in rats. Take-home message: Individual memory in old rats was assessed using DNMS. We recorded hippocampal CA1 place cells as these rats explored a familiar environment; 27% of recorded pyramidal neurons showed substantial delayed onsets of place field activity. This age-related firing onset delay occurred under basal conditions; it was… Read More